Judging from the development trend of wireless networks and various challenges faced by operators, the future development of antenna technology will definitely follow the following directions.
⑴ Minimum antenna size
Antenna miniaturization is guaranteed
Under the condition that the antenna performance is basically unchanged, the volume of the antenna is reduced. Miniaturization is a fundamental technology and the eternal development direction of antennas.
(2) Multi-standard network common antenna feed application
In the future, multiple systems share the same ultra-wideband antenna. Not only does the antenna’s operating frequency band cover multiple systems, but each system can be independently adjusted according to the different requirements of the system. The application of multi-standard antennas will save the site construction cost and sky resources, and flexibly meet the network coverage requirements of each standard.
(3) The antenna function mode is developing towards the intelligent function
In the future, the antenna will realize intelligent beam forming, beam pointing control, beam splitting, and remote control to flexibly meet application requirements in various scenarios. Through the intelligentization of antennas, the interoperability between systems and the optimal use of resources are achieved, and finally intelligent operation and maintenance methods are realized.
⑷ The connection between the antenna and the RF module has developed from a separate type to a centralized type
In the future, centralized equipment will replace discrete equipment, and optical fiber will replace cables. Antennas and main equipment will be miniaturized and integrated, and fully integrated, to achieve sky-saving resources and flexible deployment methods, and to adapt to the trend of flat network development.